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三泰虎

中国教育和美国教育有何不同之处

What is the difference between Chinese and American education?

中国教育和美国教育有何不同之处?

 Quora读者的评论:

Michel McGill, Born, lived and worked in China.

China is Confucian civilization. Confucius was the earliest educator in Human history. Emphasizing education is one of the advocate of Confucius himself, and has been the norm in the two thousand years of Chinese history. China has long been a country most fluent in moving between social stratification, and education is the most popular path from bottom to top of the society[1].

West education is noble education with curriculum of rhetorical, as we can see US election campaign depending heavily on rhetoric. Rhetoric speech never get into curriculum in China. as China emphasize on what one did, not on what one said. Confucius even hate rhetoric speaking[2].

USA had two catalogs of education: Those who aimed to employment go to school for knowledge and skills; those who never worry about employment and kept in noble class go to liberal art school. Liberal art education is from ancient rhetoric curriculum, as Western political system depends from speeches since ancient Athene democracy and ancient Roman republic. Liberal art schools is for blue blood noble. See who Trump’s family got the jobs of White House Transition team? They go to liberal art to keep them noble.

Chinese education is a trinity: meaning of living, clearing of puzzle, and career knowledge and skills[3]. Confucius education does not separate noble and poor[4]. For five thousand years of history, China had had many story that from the bottom of society migrated to up society.

US education solidified the social classes, while Chinese education soften the boundary of classes.

[1]学而优则仕

[2]巧言令色

[3]传道、解惑、授业

[4]有教无类

中国文化是儒家文化。孔子是人类历史上最早的教育家。强调教育是孔子本人的主张之一,在两千多年的中国历史上一直是一?#20013;?#20026;规范。长期以来,中国一直是一个社会等?#35835;?#21160;阻力最小的国家,而教育是从社会底层上升到顶层的最普遍的路径。

西方教育是一种重视口才的贵族教育,我?#24378;?#20197;看到美国的竞选活动在很大程度上依赖口才。在中国,口才从来没有被纳入教学大纲。中国看重的是一个人做了什么,而不是说了什么。孔子甚至对花言巧语极为反?#23567;?/strong>

美国有两种教育体系:以就业为目标的人上学,学习知识和技能;那些无需担心就业的人,则上贵族班和文科学院。文理教育源于古代修辞学课程,西方政治制度源于古代雅典娜皿煮和古罗马共和国的演讲。文科学院是为贵族而开办的。看看特朗普的家人,谁获得了白宫过渡团队的职位?他?#24039;?#25991;科学院来彰显自己的高贵。

中国教育是三位一体的:生活的意义、传道解惑、职业知识和技能[3]。孔子的教育不分贵贱。在五千年的历史中,中国发生过许多从社会底层向上层社会升迁的故事。

美国教育固化了社会阶级,而中国教育弱化了阶级之间的界限。

[1]学而优则仕

[2]巧言令色

[3]传道、解惑、授业

[4]有教无类

 

Katherine Neal, B.A. Mandarin Chinese & History, Guangzhou University (2020)

Originally Answered: How is China education different than the USA?

I wouldn’t say that I am the expert at this because I only have my own experience as evidence.

I am studying abroad this year at Guangzhou University and I have been here since September. So far I have found 3 major differences in education between my classes in the States (Georgia) and China (Guangzhou). The first is that the Chinese classes seem to be about 99% lecture and 1% presentation. In my University in the USA, there is a lot more discussion and debate in classes.

The grading system is different in China as well. Attendance counts as 70% of our grade. Basically if you go to class every time, you will pass. There is one final exam at the end (I believe it was 10%, but I wouldn’t stake my life on it) and the rest was homework. In the USA it is more scattered and it can depend on the professor. 35% essays, 30% exams, 15% homework, 15% quizzes, and 5% attendance.

The last thing I will add to this is that the class times are organized differently (I’m gonna skip grading and hours because it confuses me). In the USA, my classes are generally 55 minutes for 3 times a week and in China the classes can be anywhere from once a week to 4 times a week at 45 minutes with a 5 minute break and then another 45 minutes.

I hoped this answer helped you.

译文来源:三泰虎 http://www.5763157.com/47361.html 译者:Joyceliu

最初的问题是:中国和美国的教育有什么不同?

我敢说我是这方面的专家,我只能依据自己的经验。

我今年9?#36335;?#24320;始在广州大学留学。到目前为止,我发现美国(乔治亚州)和中国(广州)的教育有三个主要差异。第一,中国课程似乎是99%的讲解和1%的陈述。而在我就读的美国大学,课堂上会进行很多讨论和辩论。

中国的打分制度也不一样。出席率占我们分数的70%。基本上只要你不请假旷课,就能及格。学期末会有一次期末考试(我猜占10%,但我不会拿我的生命打赌),其余的都是家庭作业。而在美国,得分点更为分散,这取决于教授。论文35%,考试30%,家庭作业15%,测验15%,出勤率5%。

我要补充的最后一点差异是,上课时间的?#25165;?#19981;一样。在美国,我的课程一般是每周三次,?#30475;?5分?#21360;?#22312;中国,课程可能是每周一次,?#37096;?#33021;是每周四次,?#30475;?5分钟,中间休息5分钟,然后再上45分?#21360;?/strong>

我希望这个答案?#38405;?#26377;所帮助。

 

Ko Ako

Private schools are better than public schools. MIT is a lot harder than Party Univ. Arts subjects and Science subjects are taught in completely different ways. So the comparison between US and Chinese education system has to take into account a lot of factors.

America and China are both big countries with lots of people. There are a lot of variations from region to region. Everyone's experience will be different.

If you have a lot of homework, you won't have time to criticize the government. You won't even have time to read the news...

Memorize when you're a kid. Analyse when you're an adult. Do the right thing at the right age. Apparently the Chinese system makes more sense.

Do you seriously expect a kid to know how to solve problems, look for answers, come up with anything meaningful... ? Some of the adults can't even do that. So you spend your precious youth trying to find out an answer to one grade school Math problem? How many problems can you solve by the time you graduate? Not too many.

Oh. But America is just looking for the few geniuses, right? Who cares about the rest... So that system suits them well. And when they don't have enough people to fill certain jobs, they can always go to China, India...

私立学校比公立学校好。麻省理工难考太多。文科和理科的教学方式完全不同。因此,中美教育体系的比较需要考虑很多因素。

美国和中国都是人口众多的大国。不同地区有很多不同之处。每个人的经历都不一样。

如果你有很多作业,你就没有时间去批评政府。你甚至都没有时间看新闻…

当你还是个孩子的时候可以?#32771;?#24518;。当你长大成人时要学会分析。在正确的年龄做正确的事情。显然,中国的体系更有意义。

你真的希望孩子知道如何解决问题,寻找答案,想出任何有意义的东西吗?有些成年人也做不到。所以把你宝贵的青春花在寻找一个小学数学问题的答案上有意义吗?到你毕业时能解决多少问题?不会太多。

哦。但美国只是想挖掘出少数天才,对吗?谁在乎其他的…所以这个系统很适合他们。当他们没有足够的人手来填补某些职位空缺时,他们还可以随时从中国、印度找人……

 

Anonymous

American Education Leads America’s Future.

The American education teaches students to be independent, complete human thinkers,teaches what is truth and how it come from.

American students read a lot, have enormous imagination. Chinese students are slave to rankings and examinations even before they born

美国的教育引领着美国的未来。

美国的教育把学生培养成独立、完整的人类思考者,传授真理是什么以及真理是如何产生的。

美国学生阅读?#30475;螅?#24819;象力丰富。中国学生在出生之前就开始被排名和考试所奴役。

 

John Gerard

I was on a specialist in house training course with many guys from around Europe and America . As usual there were several students from China and myself from Australia.

I dominated these courses but mainly because I never turned a way from the challenges in the job so I had massive experience on my side and I never stopped talking to people who really knew what they were doing,

My Chinese Colleagues belonged to an institute that was the contacted to provide technical service. All three had Ph.D.s in engineering.

They came to my door one night with reams of paper covered in math. I understood bits of it but in a nutshell it was a calculation that covered the complete design and all the parameters of a radio frequency standing wave guide.

The give away at the end was that it had the the fill time as the last figure on the page. They wanted me to check it. My saviour was I knew full well what the fill time was but their calculations from that night would be beyond pretty much everyone. I could see it but could never have done this ever.

When in doubt bluff. I sat for five minutes or so on my very elaborate calculator and wrote crap on a piece of paper lastly I got a fresh piece of paper and wrote down the fill time.

Then they opened the data book and showed me a tiny misprint on a schematic it was the fill time and it was the right number but they had it denoted as milliseconds instead of Microseconds.

One thousand times to big. It would have been republished wrong year after year.

From this I learnt a big lesson these people take their work extremely seriously it is not careing . It goes way beyond that . My colleagues showed me how they applied total and exacting diligence to their work and study.

我和来自?#20998;?#21644;美国的许多人一起参加了一个室内培训课程。像往常一样,班上有几个来自中国的学生,我自己来自澳大利亚。

我在这些课程上很有优势,但主要是因为我从未放弃在工作上进行挑战,所以我有丰富的经验。

我的中国同事属于一家提供技术服务的机构。他们三人都拥有工程学博士学位。

一天晚上,他们带着一大堆数学试卷来我家。我了解其中的一些细节,但简单地说,这是一个涵盖了射?#24213;?#27874;导管全部设计和所有?#38382;?#30340;计算。

计算最后给出的灌料时间是页面上的最后一个数字。他们想让我帮忙检查一下。我很清楚那个灌料时间,但是他们那天晚上的计算是常人做不到的。我能理解,但永远不可能做到。

我带着疑虑虚张声势。我坐了五分钟左右,捣鼓着我那台非常精巧的计算器,还在一张纸上写了一堆废话。

然后他们打开数据手册,给我看了一个示意图上的小小的印刷错误,是那个灌料时间,数值没错,但是单位是毫秒而不是微秒。

这数字一下子被放大了一千倍。它会这样年复一年,错误地一版再版。

从这件事上,我十分感慨,这些人?#28304;?#20182;们的工作非常认真严肃。已经?#23545;?#36229;过了用心。我的同事们让我看到了他们如何把严格的勤奋全身心地?#24230;?#21040;工作和学习中去。

 

Max Roberts, What is the difference between education and one's schools

Chinese education includes a lot of rote learning of material that will never be used past the gaokao — the big final exam after 12th Year whose results determine which quality of university one will attend. Most Chinese know theirs is a rote-dominated system that stresses a lot of useless work. Most Chinese university education is worth even less than 2dary school that focusses on taking that gaokao.

But Chinese wrongly imagine that US education is creative, that it inspires reason and critical thinking. Graduates of a few American HS’s do learn these skills very well — maybe about 2% tops. Few US university graduates are good critical thinkers.

中国的教育包括大量死记硬?#24120;?#32780;这些内容在高考之后就没用了。高考是12年级后的一场大型期末考试,其结果将决定一个人能入读哪所大学。大多数中国人都知道,死记硬?#24120;?#20570;了大量无用功。大多数中国大学教育还不如专心备考高考的中学。

但中国人误以为美国的教育是创造性的,能激发理性和批?#34892;?#24605;维。一些美国毕业生确实很好地掌握了这些技能——也许最牛的2%学生。美国大学毕业生并没有很多优秀的批?#34892;?#24605;考者。

 

North Sprott, former Student

In China, students in universities all focus on memorizing contents ; because in most college courses the more things you remember the higher grades you will get in exams. However, most Chinese students won’t care about their grades unless they get “F” in an exam, partly because of the high graduation rates in Chinese universities. Besides, the tuition in most Chinese universities is very cheap, only thousands of yuan (1$ = 6¥) per year. Nevertheless, there also many stringent regulations students need to obey in Chinese universities

在中国,大学生?#21450;?#31934;力放在背诵学习内容上;因为在大多数大学课程中,你记得的东西越多,在考试中就能得到更高的分数。然而,大多数中国学生不会在意他们的成绩,除非他们在考试中只拿到“F”,部分原因是中国大学的毕业率很高。此外,中国大多数大学的学费很便宜,每年只有几千元(1美元= 6元人民币)。然而,在中国的大学里,也有很多严格的规定,学生需要遵守,

9d9e0d8fgy1g1y0kgmzjjj20ez09xwor.jpg
 

In the U.S, those situations will totally different. American professors encourage their students exchange ideas each other rather than let them keep memorizing contents in textbooks. American students care about their grades so much, because those grades will become a part of their resumes and influence their jobs or higher education in the future. Although American students are eager to get good marks, the graduation rates in 4-year colleges still around 60 percent. What’s worse, studying in America is an expensive thing, some top-ranked universities’ tuition even more than forty thousand dollars per year. Networking means everything to American students -- they need e-mail to connect with their professors, they use Word to finish their papers and Blackboard to check their grades...

在美国,情况则完全不同。美国教授鼓励学生们互相交流思想,而不是让他们不?#31995;?#32972;诵课本上的内容。美国学生非常关心他们的成绩,因为这些成绩将体现在他们的简历上,并影响他们未来的工作或深造。尽管美国学生渴望得到好成绩,但四年制大学的毕业率也只有60%左右。更糟的是,在美国读书的学费很贵,一些顶尖大学的学费甚至每年超过4万美元。网络对美国学生来说意味着一切——他们需要电子?#22987;?#19982;教授联系,用Word软件完成论文,用Blackboard查成绩……

 

Anonymous

  1. China was 15 centuries ahead the West to provide social mobility using national exam. This tradition is deeply rooted in Chinese culture. Therefore, the most important principle in Chinese education system is to open the door widely to the poorest.This makes Chinese schools not effective enough on other things, such as helping its graduates finding jobs or producing Nobel prize winners.

In US, it is more focused on how to produce successful graduates because this is what the students and their parents paying for. US schools are not ashamed to use last name and wealthy parents as factors when recruiting.

  1. 在通过全国性考试提供社会流动性方面,中国领先了西方15个世纪。这一传?#25104;?#28145;植根于中国文化中。因此,中国教育体系中最重要的原则就是向最贫穷的人敞开大门。这使得中国学校在帮助毕业生找工作或培养?#24403;?#23572;奖得主等其他方面不够有效。

而美国更关注如何培养成功的毕业生,因为这是学生和他们的父母所付出的代价。在招聘时,美国学校对将姓氏和富裕?#39029;?#20316;为考虑因素并不觉得不好意思。

 

Jessica Wright, developer

A recent Internet post contrasting Chinese and American approaches to educating youngsters was hotly discussed and widely forwarded online, particularly by Chinese mothers who are eager to seek the best education for their children. The article post, titled “Surprisingly, My Son Received Such Education in America,” describes the school life of a 9-year-old Chinese boy who moved from China to the United States. It was soon reposted nearly 5,000 times on Sina Weibo, China’s version of Twitter.

“In China, his bag had been full of heavy books from first grade. From Grade 1 to Grade 4, we changed school bags three times. The next one was always bigger than the previous. We assumed that the amount of knowledge given to him was also growing,” confessed the mother, who at the beginning was rather confused about the free-spirited American teaching style.

最近,一篇?#21592;?#20013;国和美国教育孩子方式的帖子在网上引起了热烈讨论和广泛转发,尤其是那些渴望为孩子寻求最好教育的中国?#30422;住?#36825;篇文章的标题是“令人惊讶的是,我的儿子在美国?#37038;?#20102;这样的教育”,描述了一个从中国搬到美国的9岁中国男孩的学校生活。这条微博很快被转发了近5000次。

“在中国,从一年级起,他的书包里就塞满了书。从一年级到四年级,我们换了三?#38382;?#21253;。每一个总是比之前的大。我们认为他所获得的知识也在不?#26174;?#38271;,”这位?#30422;?#22374;白道,她一开?#32423;?#32654;国教学风格感到相当困惑。

 

Mary

Decision to choose what to learn can;t be taken by students in China.Chinese schools uniformly use standardized textbooks composed and published by the regime. From Grade 1, students receive one textbook for each subject, and have to carry the ones they need to school for class everyday. But In America students have the freedom to choose what they want.Another difference between Chinese and American Education is that in China student doesn't change their classes they will be in same classroom. Each subject teachers come to their classroom while in America students go to different classroom for different period.And coming int discipline ,it is easy In Chinese School as compared to America. Talking about respect, Students of China are respectful than those of America.

在中国,学生不能决定学什么。中国学校统一使用由政府编制和出版的标准化教科书。从一年级开始,学生们每门课都有一本教科书,每天上课时?#23478;?#24102;着课本。但是在美国学生有选择的自由。中国和美国教育的另一个不同之处是,在中国学生的教室是不变的,他们在同一个教室上所有课程。每个学科的老师都会进到他们的教室来上课,而在美国,学生在不同的时间去不同的教室。而且在纪律方面,中国学校比美国学校容易。谈到尊重,中国学生比美国学生更尊重人。

 

Greg Burch, lawyer, "Old China Hand," amateur roboticist

Traditionally, the difference was quantity vs. quality. The Chinese system has been structured to educate more people and to instill more factual knowledge in students. The Chinese system was very much oriented to prepare students to take standardized tests. The US system was more geared to qualitative analysis and synthesis. The trend in the US in primary and secondary education over the last twenty years or so has been toward an increasing emphasis on standardized test-taking that has begun to substantially change the emphasis on qualitative analysis and critical thinking. 

US university education has also begun to stress critical thinking less as it has become dominated more and more by a uniform mind-set among faculty in the "soft" subjects. I'm seeing the result more and more in the kids coming out of school into the workforce, who haven't had as much training in critical thinking and aren't as used to having their ideas challenged. Fortunately, this hasn't had much impact yet in the hard sciences and engineering.

传统上,两者的区别在于数量和质量。中国的教育体系旨在教育更多的人,向学生灌输更多的知识。中国的教育体系非常注重帮学生备战标准化考试。美国的体系更倾向于定性分析和综合学科。在过去20年左右的时间里,美国中小学教育的趋势是越来越重视标准化考试,这已开始从根本上改变对定性分析和批?#34892;?#24605;维的重?#21360;?/strong>

美国大学教育?#37096;技?#23569;对批?#34892;?#24605;维的强调,因为在“软”学科中,教师们的统一心态越来越成为主导。我看到越来越多从学校毕业后进入职场的孩子,并没有?#37038;?#36807;批?#34892;?#24605;维方面的培?#25285;?#20063;不习惯自己的想法受?#25945;?#25112;。?#20197;?#30340;是,这在自然科学和工程领域还没有太大的影响。

 

Jason Slaton

When it comes to education, traditional Chinese society pressures students to study attentively for mandatory tests needed to move onto the next level of education, without bothering about other things like extracurricular activities and young romance. As a result, Chinese students are less conscious of the world around them, all-around development is faint and they have no opportunity to enhance their personal qualities in many respects. Chinese parents place their hopes on one child, and are overloaded with the sense of responsibility for their child’s education; in effect, the child becomes an all-dependent sheep, lacking a creative, individualistic character.

American education system produces students that are too focused on scores and salaries. While the best of a well-rounded western education brings out critical thinking skills, creative entrepreneurship and a deep understanding of the world through an interdisciplinary lens, the worst must be admitted too. Western society also produces individuals who are all too dependent on their helicopter parents, who mechanically amble through the various levels of state testing to get a piece of paper and eventually, a sum of money for their troubles.

谈到教育,中国传统社会迫使学生专心学习,备战高一级教育所需的强制性考试,不考?#24378;?#22806;活动和早恋等其他事情。因此,中国学生对他们周遭世界的认识比较少,全面发展比较弱,他们没有机会在许多方面提高他们的个人素?#30465;?#20013;国父母把希望寄托在独生?#20248;?#36523;上,对孩子的教育充满了责任感;?#23548;?#19978;,孩子变成了一只完全依赖别人的绵羊,缺乏创造性和个性。

美国的教育体系培养出来的学生过于注重分数和薪水。虽然全面发展的西方教育最好的一面是培养具有批?#34892;?#24605;维能力、创造?#28304;?#19994;精神和能够利?#27599;?#23398;科视角对世界进行深刻理解的人,但也必须承认有其最糟糕的一面。西方社会也造就了一些过于依赖父母的人,他们机械地通过各种级别的国家测试来获得一张证书,最终用一?#26159;?#26469;解决他们的麻?#22330;?/strong>

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体育彩票福建36选7
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