What is the difference between Chinese and American education?
Michel McGill, Born, lived and worked in China.
China is Confucian civilization. Confucius was the earliest educator in Human history. Emphasizing education is one of the advocate of Confucius himself, and has been the norm in the two thousand years of Chinese history. China has long been a country most fluent in moving between social stratification, and education is the most popular path from bottom to top of the society.
West education is noble education with curriculum of rhetorical, as we can see US election campaign depending heavily on rhetoric. Rhetoric speech never get into curriculum in China. as China emphasize on what one did, not on what one said. Confucius even hate rhetoric speaking.
USA had two catalogs of education: Those who aimed to employment go to school for knowledge and skills; those who never worry about employment and kept in noble class go to liberal art school. Liberal art education is from ancient rhetoric curriculum, as Western political system depends from speeches since ancient Athene democracy and ancient Roman republic. Liberal art schools is for blue blood noble. See who Trump’s family got the jobs of White House Transition team? They go to liberal art to keep them noble.
Chinese education is a trinity: meaning of living, clearing of puzzle, and career knowledge and skills. Confucius education does not separate noble and poor. For five thousand years of history, China had had many story that from the bottom of society migrated to up society.
US education solidified the social classes, while Chinese education soften the boundary of classes.
Katherine Neal, B.A. Mandarin Chinese & History, Guangzhou University (2020)
Originally Answered: How is China education different than the USA?
I wouldn’t say that I am the expert at this because I only have my own experience as evidence.
I am studying abroad this year at Guangzhou University and I have been here since September. So far I have found 3 major differences in education between my classes in the States (Georgia) and China (Guangzhou). The first is that the Chinese classes seem to be about 99% lecture and 1% presentation. In my University in the USA, there is a lot more discussion and debate in classes.
The grading system is different in China as well. Attendance counts as 70% of our grade. Basically if you go to class every time, you will pass. There is one final exam at the end (I believe it was 10%, but I wouldn’t stake my life on it) and the rest was homework. In the USA it is more scattered and it can depend on the professor. 35% essays, 30% exams, 15% homework, 15% quizzes, and 5% attendance.
The last thing I will add to this is that the class times are organized differently (I’m gonna skip grading and hours because it confuses me). In the USA, my classes are generally 55 minutes for 3 times a week and in China the classes can be anywhere from once a week to 4 times a week at 45 minutes with a 5 minute break and then another 45 minutes.
I hoped this answer helped you.
译文来源：三泰虎 http://www.5763157.com/47361.html 译者：Joyceliu
Private schools are better than public schools. MIT is a lot harder than Party Univ. Arts subjects and Science subjects are taught in completely different ways. So the comparison between US and Chinese education system has to take into account a lot of factors.
America and China are both big countries with lots of people. There are a lot of variations from region to region. Everyone's experience will be different.
If you have a lot of homework, you won't have time to criticize the government. You won't even have time to read the news...
Memorize when you're a kid. Analyse when you're an adult. Do the right thing at the right age. Apparently the Chinese system makes more sense.
Do you seriously expect a kid to know how to solve problems, look for answers, come up with anything meaningful... ? Some of the adults can't even do that. So you spend your precious youth trying to find out an answer to one grade school Math problem? How many problems can you solve by the time you graduate? Not too many.
Oh. But America is just looking for the few geniuses, right? Who cares about the rest... So that system suits them well. And when they don't have enough people to fill certain jobs, they can always go to China, India...
American Education Leads America’s Future.
The American education teaches students to be independent, complete human thinkers,teaches what is truth and how it come from.
American students read a lot, have enormous imagination. Chinese students are slave to rankings and examinations even before they born
I was on a specialist in house training course with many guys from around Europe and America . As usual there were several students from China and myself from Australia.
I dominated these courses but mainly because I never turned a way from the challenges in the job so I had massive experience on my side and I never stopped talking to people who really knew what they were doing,
My Chinese Colleagues belonged to an institute that was the contacted to provide technical service. All three had Ph.D.s in engineering.
They came to my door one night with reams of paper covered in math. I understood bits of it but in a nutshell it was a calculation that covered the complete design and all the parameters of a radio frequency standing wave guide.
The give away at the end was that it had the the fill time as the last figure on the page. They wanted me to check it. My saviour was I knew full well what the fill time was but their calculations from that night would be beyond pretty much everyone. I could see it but could never have done this ever.
When in doubt bluff. I sat for five minutes or so on my very elaborate calculator and wrote crap on a piece of paper lastly I got a fresh piece of paper and wrote down the fill time.
Then they opened the data book and showed me a tiny misprint on a schematic it was the fill time and it was the right number but they had it denoted as milliseconds instead of Microseconds.
One thousand times to big. It would have been republished wrong year after year.
From this I learnt a big lesson these people take their work extremely seriously it is not careing . It goes way beyond that . My colleagues showed me how they applied total and exacting diligence to their work and study.
Max Roberts, What is the difference between education and one's schools
Chinese education includes a lot of rote learning of material that will never be used past the gaokao — the big final exam after 12th Year whose results determine which quality of university one will attend. Most Chinese know theirs is a rote-dominated system that stresses a lot of useless work. Most Chinese university education is worth even less than 2dary school that focusses on taking that gaokao.
But Chinese wrongly imagine that US education is creative, that it inspires reason and critical thinking. Graduates of a few American HS’s do learn these skills very well — maybe about 2% tops. Few US university graduates are good critical thinkers.
North Sprott, former Student
In China, students in universities all focus on memorizing contents ; because in most college courses the more things you remember the higher grades you will get in exams. However, most Chinese students won’t care about their grades unless they get “F” in an exam, partly because of the high graduation rates in Chinese universities. Besides, the tuition in most Chinese universities is very cheap, only thousands of yuan (1$ = 6¥) per year. Nevertheless, there also many stringent regulations students need to obey in Chinese universities
In the U.S, those situations will totally different. American professors encourage their students exchange ideas each other rather than let them keep memorizing contents in textbooks. American students care about their grades so much, because those grades will become a part of their resumes and influence their jobs or higher education in the future. Although American students are eager to get good marks, the graduation rates in 4-year colleges still around 60 percent. What’s worse, studying in America is an expensive thing, some top-ranked universities’ tuition even more than forty thousand dollars per year. Networking means everything to American students -- they need e-mail to connect with their professors, they use Word to finish their papers and Blackboard to check their grades...
- China was 15 centuries ahead the West to provide social mobility using national exam. This tradition is deeply rooted in Chinese culture. Therefore, the most important principle in Chinese education system is to open the door widely to the poorest.This makes Chinese schools not effective enough on other things, such as helping its graduates finding jobs or producing Nobel prize winners.
In US, it is more focused on how to produce successful graduates because this is what the students and their parents paying for. US schools are not ashamed to use last name and wealthy parents as factors when recruiting.
Jessica Wright, developer
A recent Internet post contrasting Chinese and American approaches to educating youngsters was hotly discussed and widely forwarded online, particularly by Chinese mothers who are eager to seek the best education for their children. The article post, titled “Surprisingly, My Son Received Such Education in America,” describes the school life of a 9-year-old Chinese boy who moved from China to the United States. It was soon reposted nearly 5,000 times on Sina Weibo, China’s version of Twitter.
“In China, his bag had been full of heavy books from first grade. From Grade 1 to Grade 4, we changed school bags three times. The next one was always bigger than the previous. We assumed that the amount of knowledge given to him was also growing,” confessed the mother, who at the beginning was rather confused about the free-spirited American teaching style.
Decision to choose what to learn can;t be taken by students in China.Chinese schools uniformly use standardized textbooks composed and published by the regime. From Grade 1, students receive one textbook for each subject, and have to carry the ones they need to school for class everyday. But In America students have the freedom to choose what they want.Another difference between Chinese and American Education is that in China student doesn't change their classes they will be in same classroom. Each subject teachers come to their classroom while in America students go to different classroom for different period.And coming int discipline ,it is easy In Chinese School as compared to America. Talking about respect, Students of China are respectful than those of America.
Greg Burch, lawyer, "Old China Hand," amateur roboticist
Traditionally, the difference was quantity vs. quality. The Chinese system has been structured to educate more people and to instill more factual knowledge in students. The Chinese system was very much oriented to prepare students to take standardized tests. The US system was more geared to qualitative analysis and synthesis. The trend in the US in primary and secondary education over the last twenty years or so has been toward an increasing emphasis on standardized test-taking that has begun to substantially change the emphasis on qualitative analysis and critical thinking.
US university education has also begun to stress critical thinking less as it has become dominated more and more by a uniform mind-set among faculty in the "soft" subjects. I'm seeing the result more and more in the kids coming out of school into the workforce, who haven't had as much training in critical thinking and aren't as used to having their ideas challenged. Fortunately, this hasn't had much impact yet in the hard sciences and engineering.
When it comes to education, traditional Chinese society pressures students to study attentively for mandatory tests needed to move onto the next level of education, without bothering about other things like extracurricular activities and young romance. As a result, Chinese students are less conscious of the world around them, all-around development is faint and they have no opportunity to enhance their personal qualities in many respects. Chinese parents place their hopes on one child, and are overloaded with the sense of responsibility for their child’s education; in effect, the child becomes an all-dependent sheep, lacking a creative, individualistic character.
American education system produces students that are too focused on scores and salaries. While the best of a well-rounded western education brings out critical thinking skills, creative entrepreneurship and a deep understanding of the world through an interdisciplinary lens, the worst must be admitted too. Western society also produces individuals who are all too dependent on their helicopter parents, who mechanically amble through the various levels of state testing to get a piece of paper and eventually, a sum of money for their troubles.